A scientific report is a written, visual, or oral document designed to provide information in a logical, clear, and orderly manner about a topic, event, or event.
Written reports are usually documents that present a very specific content addressed to a specific audience. Typically, reports are used to identify the results of an experiment or some research.
Indicating a scientific report is a written and published report that describes the original results of a study.
The scientific report must be qualified. This means that it must be written in a certain way and must be published in a certain way, which is determined by three centuries of development traditions, editorial practice, scientific ethics, as well as the relationship between printing and publishing procedures.
What is a scientific report for?
Scientific reports are used to transfer the results of some research or experiments to other scientists in the field.
A scientific report is considered correct if it is written with sufficient detail and clarity so that any other scientist can repeat the experiment.
The scientific report must provide reliable results; and it must be original. They are usually presented at conferences of scientific publications or journals.
Their results are usually accompanied by tables, graphs, photographs or diagrams that help to understand the result.
Scientific reports must be written in scientific, formal, clear, precise and logical language. All scientific reports must adhere to ethics.
Scientific reports began to rise during the decade of the 40’s. It began as a document prepared in a special and orderly manner, which described the various elements of scientific research.
In its beginnings, the purpose was not the same publication, but they were directed or developed as a form of tool that could transmit the results of the experiment to all scientific communities or those who emerged from the process.
All scientific papers must link their results or conclusions to the procedure with which they were achieved. These procedures should also be able to be reproduced at any other time or any other opportunity.
When is the publication valid?
To correctly define a scientific report, it is necessary to determine the mechanism that creates the same document, in particular the actual publication.
Abstracts, dissertations, conference reports and many other types of literature have been published, but these publications usually do not meet the requirements of the current publication.
In addition, a scientific article may correspond to all the other elements that are usually compiled, but if it is not published in a valid way and published in the wrong place, it has no justification.
This means that a report with relatively insufficient information, but corresponding to most elements, published in the right place (for example, a scientific journal), can be accepted.
In addition, a very well-prepared and researched report is not published properly if it is published in the wrong place.
Determining what constitutes a valid publication can be difficult, but it is important because the definition of a scientific report follows from it.
The Biology Editors’ Council (CBE) is a professional and authoritarian organization that seeks to address such issues. For this reason, he came to this definition:
An initial and acceptable scientific publication that should be the first to disclose sufficient information to allow its colleagues to evaluate observations for repeated experiments and to evaluate intellectual processes; in addition, it must be sensitive to sensory perception, constantly important and accessible to the scientific community without restrictions. It should be available for regular inspections by one or more recognized major secondary services (biological theses, chemical abstracts, agricultural bibliography, etc.) or institutions with similar faculties in each country.
The language of the scientific report
The scientific report must have the appropriate language. Scientific knowledge must be communicated effectively, clearly, and in words that contain a certain meaning, in order for a scientist to be successful in this work, he must be instructed.
Because the ultimate goal of a scientific report is publication, scientists need to be aware of the responsibilities.
A scientist can spend months or years protecting his data, but he must report it correctly for the process to be successful.
The language used should not be complicated. Literary tricks, such as metaphors, are taken away from the message of style; its use should be avoided as much as possible. It should be a simple language, without embellishments, with a composition that a child can make.
Organization of a scientific report
A scientific report is a document created to meet the needs of a real publication. For this reason, the scientific report should be highly stylized, composed of clear and distinct parts.
Each scientific article should have in its correct order: its introduction, materials, methods, results and discussion.